Biotic Factors

Biotic Factors Biotic factors are influences, reactions and interactions of living beings not only amongst themselves but also over the environment.  All living beings are collectively termed as biota.  …

Ecological Adaptations in Hydrophytes

Ecological Adaptations in Hydrophytes: Plants grow in different environments.  They develop various useful morphological and anatomical characters to adapt themselves according to their environment.  Depending upon these morphological and …

ATP Synthesis

ATP Synthesis The transfer of electrons to oxygen through complexes I to IV is coupled to the synthesis of ATP.  The number of ATP synthesized depends on the nature …

Electron Transport Chain

Electron Transport Chain An electron transport chain or system is a series of coenzymes and cytochrome that take part in the passage of electron from a chemical to its …

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis Some of the factors such as light, water, carbondioxide, temperature and chlorophyll control the process of photosynthesis.  In the absence of any one of these factors …

Photorespiration: C2 Cycle

Photorespiration: C2 cycle Photorespiration is a process which involves oxidation of organic compounds in plants by oxygen in the presence of light.  Like normal respiration, this process also releases …