DNA Fingerprinting

DNA Fingerprinting DNA fingerprinting also termed as DNA profiling, is a method of isolating and identifying variable elements within the base pair sequence of DNA. It is useful in …

Human Genome

Human Genome A genome is the complete collection of an organism’s genetic material. Mapping of human genome actually began in 1911, when the gene responsible for red green colour …

Process of Gene Cloning

Process of Gene Cloning Gene cloning is the process of making multiple, identical copies of a particular piece of DNA. Using this technique we can isolate and clone single …

Cloning Vectors

Cloning Vectors Cloning vectors are DNA molecules that have the ability to carry  foreign DNA fragment. In other words, cloning vector is a segment of DNA capable of carrying …

Recombinant DNA Technology

Recombinant DNA Technology Recombinant DNA technology is the process of removing the desired piece of DNA from one organism and incorporating it into chromosomal DNA of another organism. It …

Genetic Disorders in Humans

Genetic Disorders in Humans Genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes, especially a condition that is present since birth. Most genetic disorders are quite …

Sex Linked Inheritance

Sex Linked Inheritance The inheritance of a trait (phenotype) that is determined by a gene present on one of the sex chromosomes is termed as sex linked inheritance. Sex …

Sex Determination

Sex Determination Sex determination in most plants and animals is concerned with the study of factors which are responsible for making an individual male, female or a hermaphrodite. Chromosomes …

Molecular Mutations

Molecular Mutations Molecular mutations, means permanent alterations in sequences of nucleotides in the nucleic acid, which forms the genetic material. Mutation at the molecular level refers to any addition, …

Biochemical Mutations

Biochemical Mutations Biochemical mutations are mutations that may not be visible or affect a specific morphological characteristic but may have a general effect on the ability to grow or …