Chapter I

Introduction

Preamble

Section 1 : Title and extent of operation of the Code.

Section 2 : Punishment of offences committed within India.

Section 3 : Punishment of offences committed beyond, but which by law may be tried within, India.

Section 4 : Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences.

Section 5 : Certain laws not to be affected by this Act.

Chapter II

General Explanations

Section 6 : Definitions in the Code to be understood subject to exceptions.

Section 7 : Sense of expression once explained.

Section 8 : Gender.

Section 9 : Number.

Section 10 : “Man”. “Woman”.

Section 11 : “Person”.

Section 12 : “Public”.

Section 13 : [Ommitted.].

Section 14 : “Servant of Government”.

Section 15 : [Repealed.].

Section 16 : [Repealed.].

Section 17 : “Government”.

Section 18 : “India”.

Section 19 : “Judge”.

Section 20 : “Court of Justice”.

Section 21 : “Public servant”.

Section 22 : “Moveable property.”

Section 23 : “Wrongful gain”. “Wrongful loss”. Gaining wrongfully/ Losing wrongfully.

Section 24 : “Dishonestly”.

Section 25 : “Fraudulently”.

Section 26 : “Reason to believe.”

Section 27 : Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant.

Section 28 : “Counterfeit”.

Section 29 : “Document”.

Section 29A : “Electronic record”.

Section 30 : “Valuable security”.

Section 31 : “A will”.

Section 32 : Words referring to acts include illegal omissions.

Section 33 : “Act”. “Omission”.

Section 34 : Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention.

Section 35 : When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention.

Section 36 : Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission.

Section 37 : Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence.

Section 38 : Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences.

Section 39 : “Voluntarily”.

Section 40 : “Offence”.

Section 41 : “Special law”.

Section 42 : “Local law”.

Section 43 : “Illegal”. “Legally bound to do”.

Section 44 : “Injury”.

Section 45 : “Life”.

Section 46 : “Death”.

Section 47 : “Animal”.

Section 48 : “Vessel”.

Section 49 : “Year”. “Month”.

Section 50 : “Section”.

Section 51 : “Oath”.

Section 52 : “Good faith”.

Section 52A : “Harbour”.

Chapter III

Of Punishments

Section 53 : Punishments.

Section 53A : Construction of reference to transportation.

Section 54 : Commutation of sentence of death.

Section 55 : Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life.

Section 55A : Definition of “appropriate Government”.

Section 56 : [Repealed.].

Section 57 : Fractions of terms of punishment.

Section 58 : [Repealed.].

Section 59 : [Repealed.].

Section 60 : Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or partly rigorous of simple.

Section 61 : [Repealed.].

Section 62 : [Repealed.].

Section 63 : Amount of fine.

Section 64 : Sentence of imprisonment for non-payment of fine.

Section 65 : Limit to imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence and fine awardable.

Section 66 : Description of imprisonment for non-payment of fine.

Section 67 : Imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence punishable with fine only.

Section 68 : Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine.

Section 69 : Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine.

Section 70 : Fine leviable within six years, of during imprisonment. Death not to discharge property from liability.

Section 71 : Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences.

Section 72 : Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences, the judgment stating that is doubtful of which.

Section 73 : Solitary confinement.

Section 74 : Limit of solitary confinement.

Section 75 : Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII after previous conviction.

Chapter IV

General Exceptions

Section 76 : Act done by a person bound, or by mistake of fact believing himself bound, by law.

Section 77 : Act of Judge wen acting judicially.

Section 78 : Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court.

Section 79 : Act done by a person justified, or by mistake of fact believing himself justified, by law.

Section 80 : Accident in doing a lawful act.

Section 81 : Act likely to cause harm, but done without criminal intent, and to prevent other harm.

Section 82 : Act of a child under seven years of age.

Section 83 : Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding.

Section 84 : Act of a person of unsound mind.

Section 85  : Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication caused against his will.

Section 86 : Offence requiring a particular intent of knowledge committed by one who is intoxicated.

Section 87 : Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, done by consent.

Section 88 : Act not intended to cause death, done by consent in good faith for person’s benefit.

Section 89 : Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person, by or by consent of guardian. Provisios.

Section 90 : Consent known to be given under fear or misconception. Consent of insane person. Consent of child.

Section 91 : Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused.

Section 92 : Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent. Provisos.

Section 93 : Communication made in good faith.

Section 94 : Act to which a person is compelled by threats.

Section 95  : Act causing slight harm.

Of the Right of Private Defense

Section 96 : Things done in private defence.

Section 97 : Right of private defence of the body and of property.

Section 98 : Right of private defence against the act of a person of unsound mind etc.

Section 99 : Acts against which there is no right of private defence. Extent to which the right may be exercised.

Section 100 : When the right of private defence of the body extends to causing death.

Section 101 : When such right extends to causing harm other than death.

Section 102 : Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of the body.

Section 103 : When the right of private defense of property extends to causing death.

Section 104 : When such right extends to causing any harm other than death.

Section 105 : Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of property.

Section 106 : Right of private defence against deadly assault when there is risk of harm to innocent person.

Chapter V

Of Abetment

Section 107 : Abetment of a thing.

Section 108 : Abettor.

Section 108A : Abetment in Indian of offences outside India.

Section 109 : Punishment of a abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence and when no express provision is made for its punishment.

Section 110 : Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different intention from that of abettor.

Section 111 : Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done.

Section 112 : Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for act done.

Section 113 : Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor.

Section 114 : Abettor present when offence is committed.

Section 115 : Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life – if offence not committed. If act causing harm be done in consequence.

Section 116 : Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment. – if offence not be committed. if abettor or person abetted to be a public servant whose duty is to prevent offence.

Section 117 : Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons.

Section 118 : Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life. If offence be committed. If offence be not committed.

Section 119 : Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent. if offence be committed. if offence be punishable with death, etc. if offence be not committed.

Section 120 : Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment. if offence be committed. if offence be not committed.

Chapter VA

Criminal Conspiracy

Section 120A : Definition of criminal conspiracy.

Section 120B : Punishment of criminal conspiracy.

Chapter VI

Of Offences Against The State

Section 121 : Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India.

Section 121A : Conspiracy to commit offences punishable by section 121.

Section 122 : Collecting arms, etc., with intention of waging war against the Government of India.

Section 123 : Concealing with intent to facilitate design to wage war.

Section 124 : Assaulting President. Governor, etc., with intent to compel or restrain the exercise of any lawful power.

Section 124A : Sedition.

Section 125 : Waging war against any Asiatic power in alliance with the Government of India.

Section 126 : Committing depredation on territories of power at peace with the Government of India.

Section 127 : Receiving property taken by war or depredation mentioned in sections 125 and 126.

Section 128 : Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war to escape.

Section 129 : Public servant negligently suffering such prisoner to escape.

Section 130 : Aiding escape of, rescuing or harbouring such prisoner.

Chapter VII

Of Offences Relating To The Army, Navy and Air Force

Section 131 : Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce a soldier, sailor or airman from his duty.

Section 132 : Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof.

Section 133 : Abetment of assault by soldier, sailor or airman on his superior officer, when in execution of his office.

Section 134 : Abetment of such assault, if the assault is committed.

Section 135 : Abetment of desertion of soldier, sailor or airman.

Section 136 : Harbouring deserter.

Section 137 : Deserter concealed on board merchant vessel through negligence of master.

Section 138 : Abetment of act of insubordination by soldier, sailor or airman.

Section 138A : [Repealed.].

Section 139 : Persons subject to certain Acts.

Section 140 : Wearing garb or carrying token used by soldier, sailor or airman.

Chapter VIII

Of Offence Against The Public Tranquility

Section 141 : Unlawful assembly.

Section 142 : Being member of unlawful assembly.

Section 143 : Punishment.

Section  144 : Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon.

Section 145 : Joining or continuing in unlawful assembly, knowing it has been commanded to disperse.

Section 146 : Rioting.

Section 147 : Punishment for rioting.

Section 148 : Rioting, armed with deadly weapon.

Section 149 : Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object.

Section 150 : Hiring, or conniving at hiring, of persons to join unlawful assembly.

Section 151 : Knowingly joining or continuing in assembly of five or more persons after it has been commanded to disperse.

Section 152 : Assaulting or obstructing the public servant when suppressing riot, etc.

Section 153 : Wantonly giving provocation, with intent to cause riot – if rioting be committed; if not committed.

Section 153A : Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony. Offence committed in place of worship, etc.

Section 153AA : Punishment for knowingly carrying arms in any procession or organizing, or holding or taking part in any mass drill or mass training with arms.

Section 153B : Imputation, assertions prejudicial to national-integration.

Section 154 : Owner or occupier of land on which an unlawful assembly is held.

Section 155 : Liability of person for whose benefit riot is committed.

Section 156 : Liability of agent of owner or occupier for whose benefit riot is committed.

Section 157 : Harbouring persons hired for an unlawful assembly.

Section 158 : Being hired to take part in an unlawful assembly or riot; or to go armed.

Section 159 : Affray.

Section 160 : Punishment for committing affray.

Section IX

Of Offences By or Relating To Public Servants

Section 161 : [Repealed.].

Section 162 : [Repealed.].

Section 163 : [Repealed.].

Section 164 : [Repealed.].

Section 165 : [Repealed.].

Section 165A : [Repealed.].

Section 166 : Public servant disobeying law, with intent to cause injury to any person.

Section 166A : Public servant disobeying direction under law.

Section 166B : Punishment for non-treatment of victim.

Section 167 : Public servant framing an incorrect document with intent to cause injury.

Section 168 : Public servant unlawfully engaging in trade.

Section 169 : Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for property.

Section 170 : Personating a public servant.

Section 171 : Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant with fraudulent intent.

Chapter IXA

Of Offences Relating To Elections

Section 171A : “Candidate”, “Electoral right” defined.

Section 171B : Bribery.

Section 171C : Undue influence at elections.

Section 171D : Personation at elections.

Section 171E : Punishment for bribery.

Section 171F : Punishment for undue influence or personating at an election.

Section 171G : False statement in connection with an election.

Section 171H : Illegal payments in connection with an election.

Section 171I : Filure to keep election accounts.

Chapter X

Of Contempts of The Lawful Authority of Public Servants

Section 172 : Absconding to avoid service of summons of other proceeding.

Section 173 : Preventing service of summons or other proceeding, or preventing publication thereof.

Section 174 : Non-attendance in obedience to an order from public servant.

Section 174A : Non-appearance in response to a proclamation under section 82 of Act 2 of 1974.

Section 175 : Omission to produce document to public servant by person legally bound to produce it.

Section 176 : Omission to give notice or information to public servant by person legally bound to give it.

Section 177 : Furnishing false information.

Section 178 : Refusing oath or affirmation when duly required by public servant to make it.

Section 179 : Refusing to answer public servant authorised to question.

Section 180 : Refusing to sign statement.

Section 181 : False statement on oath or affirmation to public servant or person authorised to administer an oath or affirmation.

Section 182 : False information, with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person.

Section 183 : Resistance to the taking of property by the lawful authority of a public servant.

Section 184 : Obstructing sale of property offered for sale by authority of public servant.

Section 185 : Illegal purchase or bid of property offered for sale by authority of public servant.

Section 186 : Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions.

Section 187 : Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance.

Section 188 : Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant.

Section 189 : Threat of injury to public servant.

Section 190 : Threat of injury to induce person to refrain from applying for protection to public servant.

Chapter XI

Of False Evidence and Offences Against Public Justice

Section 191 : Giving false evidence.

Section 192 : Fabricating false evidence.

Section 193 : Punishment for false evidence.

Section 194 : Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence if innocent person be thereby convicted and executed.

Section 195 : Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment.

Section 195A : Threatening any person to give false evidence.

Section 196 : Using evidence known to be false.

Section 197 : Issuing or signing false certificate.

Section 198 : Using as true a certificate known to be false.

Section 199 : False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence.

Section 200 : Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false.

Section 201 : Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information, to screen offender – if a capital offence; if punishable with imprisonment for life; if punishable with less than ten Years’ imprisonment.

Section 202 : Intentional omission to give information of offence by person bound to inform.

Section 203 : Giving false information respecting on offence committed.

Section 204 : Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence.

Section 205 : False personation for purpose of act or proceeding in suit or prosecution.

Section 206 : Fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent its seizure as fortified or in execution.

Section 207 : Fraudulent claim to property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution.

Section 208 : Fraudulently suffering decree for sum not due.

Section 209 : Dishonestly making false claim in Court.

Section 210 : Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due.

Section 211 : False charge of offence made with intent to injure.

Section 212 : Harbouring offender – if a capital offence; if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment.

Section 213 : Taking gift, etc., to screen an offender from punishment – if a capital offence; if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment.

Section 214 : Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of screening offender – if a capital offence; if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment.

Section 215 : Taking gift to help to recover stolen property, etc.

Section 216 : Harbouring offender who had escaped from custody of whose apprehension has been ordered – if a capital offence; if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment.

Section 216A : Penalty for harbouring robbers or dacoits.

Section 216B : [Repealed.].

Section 217 : Public servant disobeying direction of law with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture.

Section 218 : Public servant framing incorrect record or warning with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture.

Section 219 : Public servant in judicial proceeding corruptly making report, etc’, contrary to law.

Section 220 : Commitment for trail or confinement by person having authority who knows that he is acting contrary to law.

Section 221 : Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend.

Section 222 : Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed.

Section 223 : Escape from confinement or custody negligently suffered by public servant.

Section 224 : Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension.

Section 225 : Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person.

Section 225A : Omission to apprehend, or sufferance of escape, on part of public servant, in cases not otherwise, provided for.

Section 225B : Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension, or escape or rescue in cases not otherwise provided for.

Section 226 : [Repealed.].

Section 227 : Violation of condition of remission of punishment.

Section 228 : Intentional insult or interruption to public servant sitting in judicial proceeding.

Section 229 : Personation of a juror or assessor.

Section 229A : Failure by person released on bail or bond to appear in Court.

Section 230 : “Coin” defined. Indian coin.

Section 231 : Counterfeiting coin.

Section 232 : Counterfeiting Indian coin.

Section 233 : Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting coin.

Section 234 : Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Indian coin.

Section 235 : Possession of instrument or material for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin: if Indian coin.

Section 236 : Abetting in India the counterfeiting out of Indian coin.

Section 237 : Import or export of counterfeit coin.

Section 238 : Import or export of counterfeits of the Indian coin.

Section 239 : Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit.

Section 240 : Delivery of Indian coin possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit.

Section 241 : Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit.

Section 242 : Possession of counterfeit coin by person who knew it be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof.

Section 243 : Possession of Indian coin by person who it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof.

Section 244 : Person employed in mint causing coin to be of different weight or composition from that fixed by law.

Section 245 : Unlawfully taking coining instrument from mint.

Section 246 : Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of coin.

Section 247 : Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of Indian coin.

Section 248 : Altering appearance of coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description.

Section 249 : Altering appearance of Indian coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description.

Section 250 : Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered.

Section 251 : Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered.

Section 252 : Possession of coin by person who knew it to be altered when be  became possessed thereof.

Section 253 : Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be altered when be  became possessed thereof.

Section 254 : Delivery of coin as genuine which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be altered.

Section 255 : Counterfeiting Government stamp.

Section 256 : Having possession of instrument or material for counterfeiting stamp.

Section 257 : Making or selling instrument for Government stamp.

Section 258 : Sale or counterfeit Government stamp.

Section 259 : Having possession of counterfeit Government stamp.

Section 260 : Using as genuine a Government stamp known to be counterfeit.

Section 261 : Effacing writing from substance bearing Government stamp, or removing from document a stamp used for it, with intent to cause loss to Government.

Section 262 : Using Government stamp known to have been before used.

Section 263 : Erasure of mark denoting that stamp has been used.

Section 263A : Prohibition of fictitious stamps.

Chapter XIII

Of Offences Relating To Weights and Measures

Section 264 : Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing.

Section 265 : Fraudulent use of false weight or measure.

Section 266 : Being in possession of false weight or measure.

Section 267 : Making or selling false weight or measure.

Chapter XIV

Of Offences Affecting The Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency and Morals

Section 268 : Public nuisance.

Section 269 : Negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life.

Section 270 : Malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life.

Section 271 : Disobedience to quarantine rule.

Section 272 : Adulteration of food or drink intended for sale.

Section 273 : Sale of noxious food or drink.

Section 274 : Adulteration of drugs.

Section 275 : Sale of adulterated drugs.

Section 276 : Sale of drug as a different drug or preparation.

Section 277 : Fouling water of public spring or reservoir.

Section 278 : Making atmosphere noxious to health.

Section 279 : Rash driving or riding on a public way.

Section 280 : Rash navigation of vessel.

Section 281 : Exhibition of false light, mark or buoy.

Section 282 : Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel.

Section 283 : Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation.

Section 284 : Negligent conduct with respect to poisonous substance.

Section 285 : Negligent conduct with respect to fire or combustible matter.

Section 286 : Negligent conduct with respect to explosive substance.

Section 287 : Negligent conduct with respect to machinery.

Section 288 : Negligent conduct with respect to pulling down or repairing buildings.

Section 289 : Negligent conduct with respect to animal.

Section 290 : Punishment for public nuisance in cases not otherwise provided for.

Section 291 : Continuance of nuisance after injunction to discontinue.

Section 292 : Sale, etc., of obscene books, etc.

Section 293 : Sale, etc., of obscene objects to young person.

Section 294 : Obscene acts and songs.

Section 294A : Keeping lottery office.

Chapter XV

Of Offences Relating To Religion

Section 295 : Injuring or defiling place of worship, with intent to insult the religion of any class.

Section 295A : Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs.

Section 296 : Disturbing religious assembly.

Section 297 : Trespassing on burial places, etc.

Section 298 : Uttering words, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the religious feelings.

Chapter XVI

Of Offences Affecting The Human Body

Section 299 : Culpable homicide.

Section 300 : Murder. When culpable homicide is not murder.

Section 301 : Culpable homicide by causing death of person other han person whose death was intended.

Section 302 : Punishment for murder.

Section 303 : Punishment for murder by life-convict.

Section 304 : Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder.

Section 304A : Causing death by negligence.

Section 304B : Dowry death.

Section 305 : Abetment of suicide of child or insane person.

Section 306 : Abetment of suicide.

Section 307 : Attempt of murder. Attempts by life-convicts.

Section  308 : Attempt to commit culpable homicide.

Section 309 : Attempt to commit suicide.

Section 310 : Thug.

Section 311 : Punishment.

Of the causing of Miscarriage, of Injuries to unborn Children, of the Exposure of Infants, and of the concealment of Births.

Section 312 : Causing miscarriage.

Section 313 : Causing miscarriage without woman’s consent.

Section 314 : Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage. if act done without woman’s consent.

Section 315 : Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to cause it to die after birth.

Section 316 : Causing death of quick unborn child by act amounting to culpable homicide.

Section 317 : Exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years, by parent or person having care of it.

Section 318 : Concealment of birth by secret disposal of dead body.

Of Hurt

Section 319 : Hurt

Section 320 : Grievous hurt.

Section 321 : Voluntarily causing hurt.

Section 322 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt.

Section 323 : Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt.

Section 324 : Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means.

Section 325 : Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt.

Section 326 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means.

Section 326A : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by use of acid, etc.

Section 326B : Voluntarily throwing or attempting to throw acid.

Section 327 : Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act.

Section 328 : Causing hurt by means of poison, etc., with intent to commit an offence.

Section 329 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act.

Section 330 : Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property.

Section 331 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property.

Section 332 : Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty.

Section 333 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter public servant from his duty.

Section 334 : Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation.

Section 335 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on provocation.

Section 336 : Act endangering life or personal safety of others.

Section 337 : Causing hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others.

Section 338 : Causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others.

Of wrongful restraint and wrongful confinement

Section 339 : Wrongful restraint.

Section 340 : Wrongful confinement.

Section 341 : Punishment for wrongful restraint.

Section 342 : Punishment for wrongful confinement.

Section 343 : Wrongful confinement for three or more days.

Section 344 : Wrongful confinement for ten or more days.

Section 345 : Wrongful confinement of person for whose liberation writ has been issued.

Section 346 : Wrongful confinement in secret.

Section 347 : Wrongful confinement to extort property, or constrain to illegal act.

Section 348 : Wrongful confinement to extort confession, or compel restoration of property.

Of Criminal Force and Assault

Section 349 : Force.

Section 350 : Criminal force.

Section 351 : Assault.

Section 352 : Punishment for assault or criminal force otherwise than on grave provocation.

Section 353 : Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty.

Section 354 : Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty.

Section 354A : Sexual harassment and punishment for sexual harassment.

Section 354B : Assault or use of criminal force to woman with intent to disrobe.

Section 354C : Voveurism.

Section 354D : Stalking.

Section 355 : Assault or criminal force with intent to dishonour person, otherwise than on grave provocation.

Section 356 : Assault or criminal force in attempt to commit theft of property carried by a person.

Section 357 : Assault or criminal force in attempt to wrongfully confine a person.

Section 358 : Assault or criminal force on grave provocation.

Of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour

Section 359 : Kidnapping.

Section 360 : Kidnapping from India.

Section 361 : Kidnapping from lawful guardianship.

Section 362 : Abduction.

Section 363 : Punishment for kidnapping.

Section 363A : Kidnapping or maiming a minor for purposes of begging.

Section 364 : Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder.

Section 364A : Kidnapping for ransom, etc.

Section 365 : Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine person.

Section 366 : Kidnapping, abducting or inducing woman to compel her marriage, etc.

Section 366A : Procuration of minor girl.

Section 366B : Importation of girl from foreign country.

Section 367 : Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous hurt, slavery, etc.

Section 368 : Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement, kidnapped or abducted person.

Section 369 : Kidnapping or abducting child under ten years with intent to steal from its person.

Section 370 : Trafficking of person.

Section 370A : Exploitation of a trafficked person.

Section 371 : Habitual dealing in slaves.

Section 372 : Selling minor for purposes of prostitution, etc.

Section 373 : Buying minor for purposes of prostitution, etc.

Section 374 : Unlawful compulsory labour.

Sexual Offences

Section 375 : Rape.

Section 376 : Punishment for rape.

Section 376A : Punishment for causing death or resulting in persistent vegetative state of victim.

Section 376B : Sexual intercourse by husband upon his wife during separation.

Section 376C : Sexual intercourse by a person in authority.

Section 376D : Gang rape.

Section 376DA : Punishment for gang rape on woman under sixteen years of age.

Section 376DB : Punishment for gang rape on woman under twelve years of age.

Section 376E : Punishment for repeat offenders.

Of Unnatural Offences

Section 377 : Unnatural offences.

Chapter XVII

Of Offences Against Property

Of Theft

Section 378 : Theft.

Section 379 : Punishment for theft.

Section 380 : Theft in dwelling house, etc.

Section 381 : Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master.

Section 382 : Theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint in order to the committing of the theft.

Of Extortion

Section 383 : Extortion.

Section 384 : Punishment for extortion.

Section 385 : Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion.

Section 386 : Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt.

Section 387 : Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion.

Section 388 : Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc.

Section 389 : Putting a person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion.

Of Robbery and Dacoity

Section 390 : Robbery. When theft is robbery. When extortion is robbery.

Section 391 : Dacoity.

Section 392 : Punishment for robbery.

Section 393 : Attempt to commit robbery.

Section 394 : Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery.

Section 395 : Punishment for dacoity.

Section 396 : Dacoity with murder.

Section 397 : Robbery, or dacoity, with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt.

Section 398 : Attempt to commit robbery or dacoity when armed with deadly weapon.

Section 399 : Making preparation to commit dacoity.

Section 400 : Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits.

Section 401 : Punishment for belonging to gang of thieves.

Section 402 : Assembling for purpose of committing dacoity.

Of Criminal Misappropriation of Property

Section 403 : Dishonest misappropriation of property.

Section 404 : Dishonest misappropriation of property possessed by deceased person at the time of his death.

Of Criminal Breach of Trust

Section 405 : Criminal breach of trust.

Section 406 : Punishment for criminal breach of trust.

Section 407 : Criminal breach of trust by carrier, etc.

Section 408 : Criminal breach of trust by clerk or servant.

Section 409 : Criminal breach of trust by public, servant. or by banker, merchant or agent.

Of the Receiving of Stolen Property

Section 410 : Stolen property.

Section 411 : Dishonestly receiving stolen property.

Section 412 : Dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity.

Section 413 : Habitually dealing in stolen property.

Section 414 :  Assisting in concealment of stolen property.

Of Cheating

Section 415 : Cheating.

Section 416 : Cheating by personation.

Section 417 : Punishment for cheating.

Section 418 : Cheating with knowledge that wrongful loss may ensue to person whose interest offender is bound to protect.

Section 419 : Punishment for cheating by personation.

Section 420 : Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property.

Of Fraudulent Deeds and Dispositions of Property

Section 421 : Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent distribution among creditor.

Section 422 : Dishonestly or fraudulently preventing debt being available for creditors.

Section 423 : Dishonest or fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing false statement of consideration.

Section 424 : Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property.

Of Mischief

Section 425 : Mischief.

Section 426 : Punishment for mischief.

Section 427 : Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees.

Section 428 : Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees.

Section 429 : Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc., of any value or any animal of the value of fifty rupees.

Section 430 : Mischief by injury to works of irrigation or by wrongfully diverting water.

Section 431 : Mischief by injury to public road, bridge, river or channel.

Section 432 : Mischief by causing inundation or obstruction to public drainage attended with damage.

Section 433 : Mischief by destroying, moving or rendering less useful a light-house or sea-mark.

Section 434 : Mischief by destroying or moving, etc., a land-mark fixed by public authority.

Section 435 : Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to cause damage to amount of one hundred or (in case of agricultural produce ) ten rupees.

Section 436 : Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy house, etc.

Section 437 : Mischief with intent to destroy or make unsafe a decked vessel or one of twenty tons burden.

Section 438 : Punishment for the mischief described in section 437 committed by fire or explosive substance.

Section 439 : Punishment for intentionally running vessel aground, or ashore with intent to commit theft, etc.

Section 440 : Mischief committed after preparation made for causing death or hurt.

Of Criminal Trespass

Section 441 : Criminal trespass.

Section 442 : House-trespass.

Section 443 : Lurking house-trespass.

Section 444 : Lurking house-trespass by night.

Section 445 : House-breaking.

Section 446 : House-breaking by night.

Section 447 : Punishment for criminal trespass.

Section 448 : Punishment for house-trespass.

Section 449 : House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with death.

Section 450 : House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment for life.

Section 451 : House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment.

Section 452 : House-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint.

Section 453 : Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking.

Section 454 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment.

Section 455 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint.

Section 456 : Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night.

Section 457 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment.

Section 458 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night after preparation for hurt, assault, or wrongful restraint.

Section 459 : Grievous hurt caused whilst committing lurking house-trespass or house-breaking.

Section 460 : All persons jointly concerned in lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night punishable where death or grievous hurt caused by one of them.

Section 461 : Dishonestly breaking open receptacle containing property.

Section 462 : Punishment for same offence when committed by person entrusted with custody.

Chapter XVIII

Of Offences Relating To Documents And To Property Marks

Section 463 : Forgery.

Section 464 : Making a false document.

Section 465 : Punishment for forgery.

Section 466 : Forgery of record of Court or of public register, etc.

Section 467 : Forgery of valuable security, will, etc.

Section 468 : Forgery for purpose of cheating.

Section 469 : Forgery for purpose of harming reputation.

Section 470 : Forged document.

Section 471 : Using as genuine a forged document or electronic record.

Section 472 : Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable under section 467.

Section 473 : Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable otherwise.

Section 474 : Having possession of document described in section 466 or 467, knowing it to be forged and intending to use it as genuine.

Section 475 : Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material.

Section 476 : Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents other than those described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material.

Section 477 : Fraudulent cancellation, destruction, etc., of will, authority to adopt, or valuable security.

Section 477A : Falsification of accounts.

Of Property and Other Marks

Section 478 : [Repealed.]

Section 479 : Property mark.

Section 480 : [Repealed.]

Section 481 : Using a false property mark.

Section 482 : Punishment for using a false property mark.

Section 483 : Counterfeiting a property mark used by another.

Section 484 : Counterfeiting a mark used by a public servant.

Section 485 : Making or possession of any instrument for counterfeiting a property mark.

Section 486 : Selling goods marked with a counterfeit property mark.

Section 487 : Making a false mark upon any receptacle containing goods.

Section 488 : Punishment for making use of any such false mark.

Section 489 : Tampering with property mark with intent to cause injury.

Of Currency-Notes and Bank-Notes

Section 489A : Counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes.

Section 489B : Using as genuine, forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes.

Section 489C : Possession of forged or counterfeit currency notes or bank-notes.

Section 489D : Making or possessing instruments or materials for forging or counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes.

Section 489E : Making or using documents resembling currency-notes or bank-notes.

Chapter XIX

Of Criminal Breach Of Contracts Of Service

Section 490 : [Repealed.].

Section 491 : Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless person.

Section 492 : [Repealed.].

Chapter XX

Of Offences Relating To Marriage

Section 493 : Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage.

Section 494 : Marrying again during life-time of husband or wife.

Section 495 : Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted.

Section 496 : Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage.

Section 497 : Adultery.

Section 498 : Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman.

Chapter XXA

Of Cruelty By Husband Or Relatives Of Husband

Section 498A : Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty.

Chapter XXI

Of Defamation

Section 499 : Defamation. Imputation of truth which public good requires to be made or published. Public conduct of public servants. Conduct of any person touching any public question. Publication of reports of proceedings of Courts. Merits of case decided in Court or conduct of witnesses and others concerned. Merits of public performance. Censure passed in good faith by person having lawful authority over another. Accusation preferred in good faith to authorised person. Imputation made in good faith by person for protection of his or other’s interests. Caution intended for good of person to whom conveyed or for public good.

Section 500 : Punishment for defamation.

Section 501 : Printing or engraving matter known to be defamatory.

Section 502 : Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter.

Chapter XXII

Of Criminal Intimidation, Insult And Annoyance

Section 503 : Criminal intimidation.

Section 504 : Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace.

Section 505 : Statements conducing to public mischief. Statements creating or promoting enmity, hatred or ill-will between classes. Offence under sub-section (2) committed in place of worship, etc.

Section 506 : Punishment for criminal intimidation. If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc.

Section 507 : Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication.

Section 508 : Act caused by inducing person to believe that he will be rendered an object of the Divine displeasure.

Section 509 : Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman.

Section 510 : Misconduct in public by a drunken person.

Chapter XXII

Of Attempts To Commit Offences

Section 511 : Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment.