1 Mark Questions
Question 1 : What is meant by the term ‘Human Rights’?
Answer: Human Rights are the inalienable fundamental rights, which every human being is entitled to have.
Question 2 : Which day is celebrated as the Human Rights Day?
Answer : 10th December, every year, is celebrated as the Human Rights Day.
2 Marks Questions
Question 3 : Explain the term Non-Alignment.
Answer : It is the International Policy of the sovereign state according to which, it does not align itself with any of the power blocs.
Question 4 : Name the two architects of NAM.
Answer : The two architects of NAM are as follows:
- Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia.
- Jawaharlal Nehru of India.
Question 6 : What are the basic principles of the Non-Aligned Movement?
Answer : The basic principles of the Non-Aligned Movement are as follows:
- Mutual non-interference in each other’s internal affairs.
- Mutual non-aggression.
- Equality for mutual benefit.
- Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
- Peaceful co-existence.
Question 7 : Name two organisations, which fight for Human Rights.
Answer : Two organisations which fight for Human Rights are as follows:
- UN Human Rights Commission
- High Commission for Human Rights.
Question 8 : When and where was the first summit of the Non-Aligned Movement held?
Answer : First Non-Aligned Movement summit was held in September 1961 at Belgrade in Yugoslavia.
Question 9 : What are the features of Non-Alignment? Explain any two.
Answer : Two features of Non-Alignment are as follows:
- It is not aligned to any power blocs.
- It is against military alliances like NATO, Warsaw Pact etc.
Question 10 : State any two objectives of NAM.
Answer : Two objectives of NAM are as follows:
- To eliminate causes that could lead to War.
- To support sovereign equality of all states.
Question 11 : State any three achievements of NAM.
Answer : Three achievements of NAM are as follows:
- It helped in solving tensions between the two power blocs and brought an end to the Cold War.
- It acted against the Arms Race of the superpowers.
- It supported the cause of International Peace, Justice and Freedom.
Question 5 : What were the factors responsible for NAM? State any three of them.
Answer : Factors responsible for NAM were as follows:
- Global tension caused by the Cold War.
- Restructuring of the International economic order.
- Struggle against Imperialism and Neo-Colonization.