ICSE Class 10 Board Exam Questions and Answers : The Lucknow Pact, Home Rule League and the August Declaration

2 Marks Questions

Question 1 : What was the importance of the Lucknow Pact of 1916? (2013)

Answer : Lucknow Pact played an important role, as it brought about a unity between the Hindus and the Muslims. Both the communities agreed to compromise on some areas for their common good. Congress compromised on its secular character by accepting the scheme of Separate Electorates for Muslims.

The Muslim League accepted the principles of election and the majority rule. As a result of this pact, the Hindus and the Muslims worked together from 1916 to 1922.

Question 2 : Mention two reasons why the Lucknow Pact is considered important in the history of the Indian National Congress. (2009)

Answer : The two reasons are as follows:

i) The Lucknow Pact was important as for the first-time the Congress and the Muslim League agreed to compromise on some areas for their common good.

ii) The Lucknow Session and the signing of the Lucknow Pact brought about a unity between the Assertive Nationalists and the Early Nationalists.

Question 3 : Deleted as a similar question has been covered above.

Question 4 : Name the Act passed by the British Government in the year 1919, which gave them the authority to arrest and detain suspected Indians. (2004)

Answer : Rowlatt Act ,which was  passed by the British Government in the year 1919, gave them the authority to arrest and detain suspected Indians.

Question 5 : Deleted as a similar question has been covered above.

Question 6 : Deleted as a similar question has been covered above.

3 Marks Questions

Question 7 : Two terms of the Lucknow Pact and two factors which emphasize the significance of the Home Rule Movement. Mention them. (2013)

Answer : Two terms of Lucknow Pact were as follows:

i) The Indian Council of the Secretary of State, operating from England should be abandoned.

ii) 4/5th of the members of the Provincial Legislatures should be directly elected and 1/5th should be nominated. The number of members in the Province were laid down in the scheme.

Factors which emphasize the significance of the Home Rule Movement were as follows:

i) The unity between the Congress and the League and between the Early Nationalists and the Assertive Nationalists became a threat to the British Government of India.

ii) First time the Congress and the Muslim League had come up with a joint programmed which now the British found difficult to ignore. The fear of Hindu-Muslim unity was back to haunt the British.

Question 8 :  What is meant by ‘Home Rule’? Why did the leaders of this movement avoid revolutionary and aggressive methods? (2003)

Answer :  Home Rule means self-government within the British Empire. The Indian leaders realized that the British Government would not give substantial concessions unless it was pressurized to do so. Revolutionary and aggressive methods were avoided as they did not want to harass the government.

Question 9 : Explain the role played by Tilak. (2003)

Answer : During the National Movement, a new life was infused by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. In April 1916, he established the Home Rule League at Pune and extended its work to Maharashtra and the Central Provinces.

He promoted the Home Rule and simultaneously, the Swadeshi and Boycott Movement were also promoted by him. The idea of Home Rule was preached by him through his two newspapers – The Kesari (Marathi) and The Maratha (English0.

Question 10 : Describe the impact of the Home Rule Movement. (2003)

Answer : The major impacts of the Home Rule Movement were as follows:

i) The National Movement was transformed into the people’s movement through the Home Rule Movement. A large number of people began to participate in it.

ii) The Home Rule Movement kept up the pressure on the government, while the Congress and the Muslim league presented a common Charter of demands.

iii) The Movement also found its echoes outside India and Home Rule Leagues for India were established in London and New York.

iv) It was under the pressure of the Home Rule Movement that the Government felt the need to pacify Indians.