The term ‘drug’ has now been given a new connotation. It was used originally to means ‘medicine’. However, nowadays the term ‘drug’ means not only medicine but also the fatal narcotics that include cocaine, heroin, brown sugar and many other specifications. All these drugs have their evil effects on the mind and body cells of the addicts. The young generations particularly teenagers are the worst victims of evils of Drug Addiction.
When a drug is taken for the first time, it stimulates the pleasure centers of the brain. It is for sake of pleasure that most users first get accustomed to it. They take drugs to forget pain, sorrow, insult and to escape from reality. Drugs are taken in various forms. Some are taken through injection, some are smoked and some are chewed and swallowed. Drug addiction implies physical dependence upon a drug including the development of tolerance and withdrawal. An addict who develops tolerance requires more of the drug to transport him to the world of fantasies. If the addict is not allowed to take the drug, he suffers from painful and uncontrollable convulsions, vomiting, depression and various other maladies.
It has been discovered that most people who struggle with drug addiction began experimenting with drugs in their teens. Many teens have heard about drugs and they are curious to experience them for themselves and later they become addicted to it. Drug addiction is a brain disease. The addict becomes dependent on the drugs, he uses it, despite having full knowledge of its harmful effects on health. There is uncontrollable desire or craving to consume the drug and find it impossible to control the drug intake. In case of drug abuse, people start taking drugs in larger doses than the recommended doses. The addict is not able to discharge his day-to-day responsibilities in an efficient manner as it affects physical as well as mental health of the person.
We have heard of reports where young person stole their mother’s ornaments to buy drugs. Besides ruining an addict morally, it also affects him physically. Drug intake may negatively affect the kidneys and the brain, some drugs even attack on the nervous system. It causes loss of appetite, brings drowsiness and saps one’s strength and stamina. It has been found that the drug addicts cannot do without the drug even for a short while. They become immoral and commit crimes of various types in order to get drugs. They must get their dose of it at the fixed time and if they do not get it, they feel weak and become incapable of the least movement. They lose their conscience, self-control, will power and memory in absence of which they become anti-social elements, doing anti-social activities.
More than 80 % of heroin addicts in India are in the age group of 12 -25 years. This is really alarming. School boys in Punjab have a reputation for eating small black balls of opium paste or sipping mixtures of green tea and drugs before class. In fact, in the border state of Punjab, more than half of all rural households are home to at least one drug addict and more than 60 % of the state’s youth population use drugs regularly. Numbers like these give reason for concern and seem to indicate that the future of India is at stake. One of the major reasons for drug abuse is its glorification in popular media such as television series and films attracting youth to adopt the same.
The processes of industrialisation, urbanisation and migration have led to loosening of the traditional methods of social control rendering an individual vulnerable to the stresses and strains of modern life. Drug addiction among youth can be prevented if the youth are taught of its harmful consequences. Also, support from family members is a must as they are the closest source to the individual. Family should support their child to understand what he/she is going through and what compelled them to take such a risky step. Parents should try to motivate their children and understand what they really want in life. Every child is different from the other and parents should really try to understand their children’s expectation to avoid any cases related to alcohol or drug abuse.
Prevention programmes involving entities such as families, schools and the immediate communities are important in this regard. Media, especially the entertainment segment, also needs to understand its role in this context; glorification of drug use should completely stop. Role of NGOS is also important to fight this menace. Everyone should do whatever they can do to fight this menace. People should help each other in this problem. As a young person, you are faced with many challenges. However, very few have the potential to affect your life in a more significant way than your own decisions. The decision you make about alcohol and drugs will influence your health, your grades, your relationship and everything which matters to you. So, it is better to stay away from these and live a life which matters. We should be strong and brave to solve our problems rather than trying to forget them using alcohol and drugs. Keep your mind calm and give it a thought before entering the world of addiction.