Cloud Computing Architecture Design Principles

Cloud computing is one of the boons of technology, making storage and access of data easier and more efficient. An acceptable cloud system design should take advantage of some of the essential characteristics of cloud computing such an on-demand availability, ability to automate infrastructure management, scalability, elasticity, and so on.

There are certain principles of architecture that one needs to follow in order to take advantage of the incredible abilities of the cloud.

7 Design Principles of Cloud Architecture

Adaptive and elastic

Cloud architecture should foster growth of users, traffic, or data size with no drop in operational performance. It should also make provision for adjustments whenever additional computing resources are added.

Implement loose coupling

Cloud architecture should ideally be designed in such a way that software and hardware components are made separate and distinct so as to reduce inter-dependencies.

This design is meant to prevent changes or failure in one or more components form adversely affecting others.

Managed database services

Cloud architecture should help remove constraints that arise with licensing costs and ability to support diverse database engines that were an inherent part of the traditional IT infrastructure.

You need to keep in mind that limitless access to the information stockpiled on these databases is the primary objective of cloud computing.

Be sure to remove single points of failure

A cloud computing system is consistently accessible if it can endure the failure of a single component or multiple ones (for example, hard disks, servers, network links, operating systems, and so on).

Through virtualization, automatic recovery can reduce system disruption at each layer of the cloud architecture.

Optimize for cost

Cloud architecture should be designed to optimize costs, considering that costs can be reduced by selecting the configurations and data storage arrangements to suit users’ needs by taking advantage of a variety of Instance Purchasing choices.


Data caching should be applied to multiple layers of the cloud architecture for optimum application performance and efficiency of costs.


Both organizations and individuals users expect their private information to not only be safe but also secure. Therefore, cloud architecture should be designed notwithstanding legal obligations for providers to adhere to high data security standards.

Cloud user interfaces and formats must be in line with appropriate industry standards. The cloud computing system must represent only the interface relevant for the user to perform individual functions.

Cloud service providers’ claims of dependability, accessibility, security, and performance must be certified by some IT authority. The cloud architecture should observe every aspect of computing resources being used as well as the responsibilities and tasks performed by both the Cloud provider and consumer.

Benefits of the designing aspects of the cloud computing architecture

Transparent architecture and control

Cloud computing consumers should have access to the design and operation of the cloud system.

Improved productivity

Cloud systems should provide significant improvements in the levels of efficiency and productivity than those in traditional IT settings.

Assured data protection

Cloud computing consumers should be confident that data privacy standards and regulations are being followed by the provider.

Automate operations

Cloud service consumers’ platform service runtime should have manual operations in marginal amounts.


Accessibility should not be hindered by expected hardware failures.

Robust identity domain separation

Cloud service consumers should not be subjected to any impairment caused by other users.