Category: Biology

Oxidative phosphorylation

Oxidative phosphorylation Oxidative phosphorylation is the synthesis of energy-rich ATP molecules with the help of energy liberated during oxidation of reduced coenzymes ( i.e.,NADH2 and FADH2), produced in respiration.  …

Anaerobic Respiration

Anaerobic respiration: Anaerobic respiration is a process of release of energy in enzymatically controlled incomplete degradation of organic food without oxygen being used as oxidant.  It is an exclusive …

Ecological Factors

Ecological Factors Environment is a complex of large number of living (biotic components) and nonliving (abiotic components).  Each part, substance or stage of environment is known as environmental factor …

Ecology

Ecology Ecology is the study of living organisms with respect to their relation with environment.  The word “ecology” comes from two Greek words, oikos (house or dwelling place) and …

Edaphic factors

Edaphic factors The factors which relate to structure and composition of soil is termed as edaphic factors.  Soil is a major ecological factor.  It is the surface layer of …

Biotic Factors

Biotic Factors Biotic factors are influences, reactions and interactions of living beings not only amongst themselves but also over the environment.  All living beings are collectively termed as biota.  …

Ecological Adaptations in Hydrophytes

Ecological Adaptations in Hydrophytes: Plants grow in different environments.  They develop various useful morphological and anatomical characters to adapt themselves according to their environment.  Depending upon these morphological and …

ATP Synthesis

ATP Synthesis The transfer of electrons to oxygen through complexes I to IV is coupled to the synthesis of ATP.  The number of ATP synthesized depends on the nature …