Author: Padmini Garud

Successional Stages of Xerosere

Successional Stages of Xerosere Succession of plant that begins from any dry area and ultimately reaches to a climax is termed as xerosere. Initiation of xerosere usually begins from …

Ecological Niche

Ecological Niche Ecological niche is a most inclusive term that involves not only a physical space occupied by organism but its functional role in the community and its position …

Ecological Succession

Ecological Succession Ecological succession involves an orderly process of community changes, which are directional and hence predictable.  It involves the modification of the physical environment, culminating in the establishment …

Plant Community

Plant Community Community is a group of several species living together with mutual tolerance and beneficial interactions in a natural area . In a community, organisms share the same …

Productivity in Ecosystems

Productivity in Ecosystems Productivity is the rate of synthesis of energy containing organic matter by any trophic level per unit area in unit time.  Production ecology is the branch …

Ecological Pyramids

Ecological Pyramids Ecological pyramid is the graphic representation of the numbers, biomass and energy of the successive trophic levels of an ecosystem. Charles Elton (1927) developed the ecological pyramids …

Food Chain and Food Web

Food Chain The transfer of food energy from the producers, through a series of organisms (herbivores to carnivores to decomposers) with repeated eating and being eaten is termed as …

Ecosystem

Ecosystem The ecosystem comprises the biotic community and the non-living environment.  It is the basic functional unit as it includes both the organism and its environment, each influencing the …

Halophytes

Halophytes Halophytes are special types of xerophytes which grow in saline soils.  These soils are called physiologically dry because of high salt concentration.  Halophytes are plants of saline habitats …