Author: Padmini Garud

Ecological Pyramids

Ecological Pyramids Ecological pyramid is the graphic representation of the numbers, biomass and energy of the successive trophic levels of an ecosystem. Charles Elton (1927) developed the ecological pyramids …

Food Chain and Food Web

Food Chain The transfer of food energy from the producers, through a series of organisms (herbivores to carnivores to decomposers) with repeated eating and being eaten is termed as …

Ecosystem

Ecosystem The ecosystem comprises the biotic community and the non-living environment.  It is the basic functional unit as it includes both the organism and its environment, each influencing the …

Halophytes

Halophytes Halophytes are special types of xerophytes which grow in saline soils.  These soils are called physiologically dry because of high salt concentration.  Halophytes are plants of saline habitats …

Oxidative phosphorylation

Oxidative phosphorylation Oxidative phosphorylation is the synthesis of energy-rich ATP molecules with the help of energy liberated during oxidation of reduced coenzymes ( i.e.,NADH2 and FADH2), produced in respiration.  …

Anaerobic Respiration

Anaerobic respiration: Anaerobic respiration is a process of release of energy in enzymatically controlled incomplete degradation of organic food without oxygen being used as oxidant.  It is an exclusive …

Ecological Factors

Ecological Factors Environment is a complex of large number of living (biotic components) and nonliving (abiotic components).  Each part, substance or stage of environment is known as environmental factor …

Ecology

Ecology Ecology is the study of living organisms with respect to their relation with environment.  The word “ecology” comes from two Greek words, oikos (house or dwelling place) and …