Author: Padmini Garud

Process of Translation

Process of Translation Translation is a process which involves decoding messenger RNA (mRNA) to produce a specific amino acid chain or polypeptide chain. The synthesis of proteins or polypeptides …

Mechanism of Transcription

Mechanism of Transcription Transcription Transcription is the transfer of genetic information in the form of sequences from DNA to RNA. The DNA strand (3′ to 5′) that is copied …

Genetic Code

Genetic Code Genetic code is the relationship between the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide and nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA . DNA or RNA carries all …

Ribonucleic Acid

Ribonucleic Acid Ribonucleic acid or RNA is present in all the living cells. It occurs in the cytoplasm as well as in the nucleus. Ribonucleic acid is a single …

DNA Replication

DNA Replication DNA replication is the process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule. It is the master molecule that controls activities of the …

Deoxyribonucleic Acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid According to J.D. Watson and F.H.C. Crick (1953) deoxyribonucleic acid has a double helical structure. It consists of two polynucleotide chains connected by hydrogen bonds  running in …

Restriction Mapping

Restriction Mapping Restriction mapping is a physical mapping technique to determine the relative location of restriction sites on a DNA fragment to give a restriction map. It is a …

Chromosome Mapping in Human

Chromosome Mapping in Human Chromosome mapping is the construction of a series of chromosome descriptions that depict the position and spacing of unique, identifiable biochemical landmarks, including some genes, …

DNA Fingerprinting

DNA Fingerprinting DNA fingerprinting also termed as DNA profiling, is a method of isolating and identifying variable elements within the base pair sequence of DNA. It is useful in …

Human Genome

Human Genome A genome is the complete collection of an organism’s genetic material. Mapping of human genome actually began in 1911, when the gene responsible for red green colour …